A network of highways and railways easily connects Pisa to all the rest of the Italian peninsula. The freeway known as FI-PI-LI (an abbreviation for Florence-Pisa-Livorno) conveniently connects Pisa to the cities of Florence and Livorno.
Motorway A11 Firenze-Mare, exit at Pisa Nord, take the SS1 Aurelia travelling south to Pisa (approx. 6 km); alternatively Florence - Pisa - Livorno (SGC FI-PI-LI) expressway, exit at Pisa Nord-Est (for the Cisanello hospital centre and the eastern area), Pisa Aeroporto (for the airport and the central-southern area), Pisa Aurelia (for the Leaning Tower and the western area).
From Rome, Bologna
Motorway A1 to Florence, then Motorway A11, exit at Pisa Nord, then take the SS1 Aurelia travelling south to Pisa (approx. 6 km). Alternatively, follow the motorway A12-E80 from Rome to Civitavecchia, then the SS1-E80 Aurelia to Rosignano Marittimo, then rejoin the A12-E80 to Pisa (exit at Pisa Centro toll-booth).
Motorway A12 Genova - Rosignano, exit at Pisa Nord, then take the SS1 Aurelia travelling south to Pisa (approx. 6 km).
To access the historical centre
Most of Pisa historical centre falls within the Limited Traffic Zone (ZTL). Only authorised vehicles are permitted access to this zone. The entrances (electronic barriers) are monitored by 24h cameras and unauthorised access is sanctioned with a fine. Visitors staying in a hotel within the ZTL zone can have their hotel issue them with a temporary permit.